Tuesday, January 2, 2018

Saneeswara and Tirunallaru

In response to a request to write about 
Saneeswara, Tirunallaru and stories that come around it

Saneeswara mantra

Neelanjana samabhasam raviputram yamakrajam
Chaya martanda sambhutam tam namami saneeswaram

The son of Ravi, brother of Yama, non-cognizable blue (ultra-violet), that comes together as a shadow from the Sun (that springs from lifeless sphere), to that Saneeswara, salutations.

Anjana is translated as ‘non-cognizant’, ‘illusory’ etc. It is interpreted as a mountain. Neela anjana is the illusory/non-cognizable blue which I translate as ultra-violet. samabhasam means 'appearance'.

'raviputram' is Son of Ravi. Ravi is sun. yamakrajam is brother of yama. chAya mArtAnda sambhutam means 'the shadow/shade that comes together from that springs from a lifeless egg'

At first the molecular clouds are life-less. They are mrta-anda (life-less spheres/eggs). But due to gravitational pressure, they compress and the lifeless sphere starts heating up. As it comes to life from being dead, it is called mArtAnda (that sprang from the dead sphere). It starts producing light. Then it is called bhAskara (light-maker). Further gravitational compression and heat starts nuclear fusion making it a star. Then it starts emitting a whole lot of radiation including visible, invisible spectrum, neutrinos and other matter forms. Now it is called Ravi.

UV radiation comes from the Sun as a shade of visible spectrum. That UV radiation is saneeswara.

Saneeswara, UV and its effects

1. UV is just another Electromagnetic (light) radiation beyond the visible light spectrum. On Earth, it comes from Sun.

2. The Solar UV radiation (like visible radiation), when incident on Earth perpendicularly at 90*, has high intensity as it is spread on a limited/low area. But when it is incident on other angles, has lower intensity, as it is spread over larger area.

3. The UV radiation is classified into UVA, UVB and UVC. 95% of UV radiation reaching earth from sun is UVA and some UVB. Much of UVC is blocked out by ozone layer in atmosphere.

4. The UV radiation is harmful and at the same time beneficial. UVA and UVB are dangerous to human beings in prolonged exposure. UVC is harmful in short exposures. The blue and UVA are disinfectants of microbes and hence extremely beneficial to human beings. Most of our foodstuff get disinfected with exposure to sunlight due to blue and UVA radiation occurring naturally.

5. Tirunallaru's saneeswara temple is established in a place which was once a thick forest of Darbhai (Desmotachya bipinnata).

10. Darbhai has different internal molecular/nano-scale structures compared to other grass forms, that promotes microbial adhesion. This means microbes get attracted to darbhai and this process reduces overall microbe accumulation in whichever food stuff darbhai is placed.

11. During solar eclipse, blue/UVA radiation are cut-off from earth, resulting in microbes growth in food substances. Placing darbhai on them reduces the microbial growth, as microbes are attracted to nano-scale features of darbhai grass.

11. Hence naturally, a forest of darbhai cleans up the surrounding place and makes it purer during eclipses. So darbhai (the lord of forest of darbhai) treats issues that arise out of lack of exposure/blessings of Sani (UV).

12. Long term exposure of Sani (UV) causes free radicals in body that result in variety of diseases from simple sunburn to skin cancer.   Darbhai has anti-oxidant properties and is suggested to be used in treatment of radicals induced diseases that cause DNA damages.

13. In Ayurvedha darbhai is used as a drug for Urinary tract infections and mild diuretic, making kidney to clean blood better. It is used as a biological 'purifier'.

14. Saneeswara in my view is actually blue/Ultra-violet non-ionizing radiation. Saneeswara is son of Ravi (Sun). He is neela (blue and ultra-violet and hence i call it UVA). He is the son of ChAya (shade of visible spectrum, beyond the visible spectrum). This blue/UVA is what mostly reaches earth from Sun. This neela has both harmful and good properties.

15. Saneeswara (UV) in the right amount is beneficial. Lack of Saneeswara (UV) is harmful. Darbhai helps treat it.  Too much of Saneeswara (UV) is also harmful.  Darbhai helps treat it. After prolong exposure Saneeswara (UV) gives back (reverses) some of the bad that it gives.  That is how a typical saneeswara (UV) is said to act.

16. So we have to seek the assistance of Darbharanyeswarar (lord of the forest of darbhai) for lack of Saneeswara's (UV) blessings, for too much of Saneeswara's (UV) blessings/wrath. That's how Saneeswara worship might have come about in tirunallaru, as the place was once a thick of forest of darbha grass.

17. As darbhai attracted microbes and also had medicinal properties, water bodies around around its forest, are assumed to be pure/purificatory in nature. Various teertha's (water tanks) around the temple acquired their sanctity due to the the darbhai forest.

Does tirunallaru temple affect satellites..?

Our Earth is exposed to not just solar UV radiation but many other radiations from deep inside Universe like Cosmic rays (very high frequency electromagnetic radiation) and even protons, electrons etc.

These radiations are held in what is called as Van Allen radiation belt around earth by Earth's magnetic field.

The earth's magnetic field arises due to hot molten magma at its core, which is ionized plasma rotating along with earth's rotation. The magnetic field of earth is not uniform. Its horizontal and vertical intensity varies at different places due to structure and other properties of the earth's core.

But this magnetic field protects earth from harmful particles bombarding earth. This magnetic field is 'drifting' westwards in terms of intensity in studies over last 400 years.

Is Tirunallaru the place where such magnetic field intensity is high..? The horizontal intensity around south of India is in the very high 10’s of thousands of nano Tesla range. The vertical intensity is average. So there is no specific importance for Tirunallaru, except for the fact that it was the place of a forest of darbhai.

Does these affect satellites to pause or stop..? No. These, in my view has nothing to do with Tirunallaru.

Does darbha grass attenuate X-rays..?

Short answer is No.

But all plants and grasses attenuate radiations. A pile of such grass would indeed attenuate any radiation. For a pile of darbhai (kurcham) to attenuate strong radiations it has to be several ft (may be 10+) thick.

A thick forest of darbhai (or any tropical grass) could attenuate UV or X rays for species inside the grass. Whether nano-scale features of darbhai grass can do better attenuation job has to be studied. But it is absolutely false that a blade of darbha grass attenuates 60% of X-rays.

1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12668-015-0164-y

2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24574873

3. http://www.ayujournal.org/temp/Ayu333387-1517654_041256.pdf

Sunday, December 24, 2017

Aditya Hrdayam Again - Part 55 - Names of Durga


Very often Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas or saMkhya are seen as 'distinct' literatures that developed at different points of time.  They are also interpreted as different philosophies.

In my understanding it is not true. They are all part of the same thoughts flowing across. 

Before I proceed with saMkhya kArika, few more words on Energy as seen in Puranic texts from what we understood in saMkhya context.

Universe evolution from Energy perspective

Radiation dominated era

At first the Hiranya-garbha, the uterus of four dimensional spacetime manifested.

Then the Hiranya-garbha expanded to Brahma, the expanded spacetime, during cosmic inflation. On this Brahma, the Rudras or force-fields manifested.

Shiva, the vacuum energy manifested in these force-fields, resulting in particles that traveled in the speed of light. Universe was filled with radiation as particles of force-fields traveled in  the speed of light.  

In this Universe, Shiva, the energy is the sthula (gross) and hence masculine.  Energy (Shiva) is always characterized by Momentum (Shakti). Hence Shiva is Ardha-nareeswara. Since momentum is the 'sukSma' or property of energy it is feminine and called shakti.

The energetic particles that were traveling at speed of light (Radiation) at this point of time in universe are the Adi-Shakti, the momentum at the beginning. They are also the parA-shakti, because this momentum is far off/away from the momentum of matter particles that arise in the later point of time in the Universe.

Thus one can say it was the time of Adi-Shakti, parA-shakti or Radiation dominated era (in Standard model parlance).

Matter dominated era

Mass from Higgs

Then, in standard model parlance, the Electro-weak symmetry breaking occured and Higgs field acquired an expectation value. The Higgs field impedes the motion of energetic particles, slowing them down and gives a perception of 'mass' to these particles. Thus mass manifests in particles depending on their interaction with Higgs field.  

Vishnu is the 'mass' when perceived as gross or sthula form. Gross or Sthula form is masculine. Since 'mass' is actually only a perception of Higgs field impeding particles movement, it is the 'mAya' (not real). The mAyA perception is sukshma or subtle and hence depicted as feminine. 

The Universe before Electroweak symmetry breaking is North and after EWSB  is 'South'. South is 'dakSa'. 

Post EWSB, most of energy gets locked up in matter particles that have 'mass' (impeded by Higgs field).  They become the 'subtle' or 'sukshma' and hence feminine. This subtle energy that resides in matter with mass, in south of Universe is called 'dAksAyani', daughter of the South.

Before EWSB energetic particles of quarks and electrons were moving at speed of light all over the universe. Post EWSB, Higgs field acquired an 'expectation value' and the particles started interacting with it. This interaction is bit like anchoring of  ships. Depending on the anchoring level (interaction level)  the speeds of particles get reduced. 

Mass from binding energy

Along with it they also start 'docking' to a landing area, which combines many of these particles to form complex forms of matter.  This docking or landing area is the 'Binding energy'.  The binding energies combine many particles and evolve complex forms of matter. 

Most of the mass of the Universe does not come from interaction with Higgs field. It actually comes from this landing area or docking area which combines matter. This docking /landing area are the various Binding energies of the Universe from hadronic binding, nuclear binding, atomic binding etc.

Docking/landing area is called 'Uma' in sanskrit. Hence binding energies are called 'umA'.

Binding Energies

Thus 'Binding energies' are the 'knots', 'joints' and 'bindings'. The hadronic binding, nuclear binding, atomic binding, molecular binding etc are these binding energies in which particles dock and evolve. Parvan means 'Knot' or a 'Joint'. Parvata are those that are 'knotted' or 'jointed' (like the hill ranges).  Energies in these 'knots' or 'joints' is called the 'Binding Energy'. This Binding energies are called  pArvati.

This pArvati, the binding energies of matter creates newer forms of matter. Hence she is called jagad-Amba, jagat-mAta etc.

Since the binding energy is the 'cause' of every matter form in Universe, this energy is called the bhavAni.

Aindri, are the binding energies of Indra (baryons), the baryonic binding energy (protons). Hence pArvati is also known as Aindri.

The nuclear binding energy is born in the mountains of nucleus in atoms. Hence she is the giri-jA, shaila-putri etc.

The new matter forms caused by binding energies represents newer information content of matter. This information content is the entropy or Sarasvati. Hence internal energy of matter is called 'sarasvatyai'.

The binding energy is the one that fills up the particles and causes the most mass of the particles. This binding energy is the landing area for quarks to combine and become hadrons.  Hence called Uma. 'Uma' means landing area.

Internal Energy

The binding energy pArvati, creates the 'self' or property of existing independently. For eg. Quarks become hadrons, hadrons become nucleons, nucleus becomes atoms, elements and compounds and more complex matter forms due to various binding energies contributing to become 'internal energy'. This internal energy is Aham-kAra, the one that makes 'independently' existing particles, particles with their own self. 

This binding energy or internal energy exists from the beginning in the matter. Hence called 'Aadya'.

This internal energy is not measurable. Hence it is Ameya. But changes in it can be measured.

This internal energy in the matter rules over the matter interactions. Hence called 'Aarya'.

This internal energy in the matter is not perceptible. Hence called 'Abhavya'.

AgnijwAla is the 'flame of the Agni'. Agni is the transfer of energy. jwAla is the energy that is transferred.  pArvati is Agni-jwAla because she is the energy that is transferred.

The 'internal energy' is the greatest property of matter that heralds the dawn (diva). Hence it is mahA-devi.

Since the internal energy is part binding energy (pArvati), part kinetic energy (mahA-lakshmi)  and causer of entropy (sarasvati), it is the vAk devi.

This energy that is acquired by matter with mass due to its position or other factors is called potential energy.  Since Vishnu represents the property of mass, this potential energy that exists along with mass is called Vaishnavi, Vishnu Sodayi (Sister of Vishnu).

Potential Energy

Brahma (spacetime), Vishnu (mass) and Shiva (Energy) together manifest in Gravitational potential energy, caused by warping of spacetime due to high mass or energy density. This Gravitational potential energy caused by the trinity is called dur-gA. durgA means one who moves badly. ga means moving out or going. durga could mean moving in (compresses or coming).

This dur-ga, the gravitational energy that compresses objects is the most powerful of all the potentials as it acts on all matter irrespective of their charge or mass. Hence it is said to ride the 'siMha' the most powerful beast in a jungle (lion or tiger). 

The gravitational potential energy of large molecular clouds causing them to be attracted to each other and raising the excitation levels (kAma) of atomic particles and hence their kinetic energy is called 'kAma- akSi'. The eye/core/cloud of excitation and love.

This excitation results in increased kinetic energy of particles which manifests as 'temperature'. Temperature is nothing but average kinetic energy of matter particles. Of the eight properties of matter (eight lakshmis), mahA-lakshmi is the temperature of object. Hence dur-gA is also called mahA-lakshmyai.

The potential energy becoming kinetic energy leads to radiation of energy. The radiation of energy across all visible spectrum is white. This radiated visible white light is called 'Gauri'. Gauri is white.

This gravitational potential energy makes the matter to collapse and reach depths or hole (black-hole). Hence it is kAtya-ayani (kATya is deepness or hole).

Since the black-hole represents the ultimate 'dark' night wherein all particles including light are absorbed, this energy is the 'kAlarAtri'. 

Since this energy keeps consuming more and more matter and thus becoming wider and wider, it is called 'vizAla akSi', the widening eye/core/cloud.

This energy of dark object causes fear as all light submerges in them and hence called kAla-bhairavi. But since the radiated energy (Gauri) removes all the fear, she is also the bhaya-nAsinyai.

Since this potential energy exists as a property and alone in the matter with mass, it is the Brahmacharini.

Since this potential energy is at 'rest', it is the 'rAmAyai'. Since this potential is the one 'at home', it is the 'ramAyai'. ramA (at home) thus indicates wife or 'dear one' at home.

Since this potential energy exists in every matter, it is the 'paramAyai'

Since this potential energy exists all alone as a representative or messenger of Shiva, the vacuum or ultimate energy, she is called the Shiva dhutyai.

Since this energy is property of the force-fields (rudra), it is the 'Raudri'.

Ashta-Lakshmi - The eight lakshmi

Post EWSB, the particles with mass are the 'sthula'/gross and masculine. Energy in it becomes 'sukshma'/subtle and feminine. The energy in it is Uma/pArvati/durga the consorts of Shiva, the vacuum energy with various names.

What is Lakshmi then..? Lakshmi is the property of matter with mass.

Lakshmi are the properties of matter with mass. There are eight properties of matter with mass. They are

1. mahA lakshmi - Temperature - which is the average kinetic energy of particles of matter
2. gaja lakshmi - Mass 
3. vidhya lakshmi - Entropy/Information (knowledge)
4. vijaya lakshmi - Velocity (refusing to be stopped)
5. veera lakshmi - Pressure (ability to bear pressure)
6. santana lakshmi - Volume (ability to expand)
7. dhana lakshmi - Carrying Energy
8. anna lakshmi -  Ability to react with other physically and chemically

Lakshmi are also the eight properties of biological beings.

1. mahA lakshmi -  Consciousness
2. gaja lakshmi - Self-control and rulership
3. vidhya lakshmi - knowledge
4. vijaya lakshmi - Refusing to be stopped
5. veera lakshmi - Truth in our expression
6. santana lakshmi - Ability to procreate/expand
7. dhana lakshmi - Having lot of energy
8. anna lakshmi - Ability to consume/make use of matter/beings



1. Sthula is masculine, Sukshma is feminine

Sunday, December 10, 2017

Aditya Hrdayam Again - Part 54 - prAna prathistha - Idol to mUrthy


Before I go on with slokas, as a corollary of saMkhya, I wanted to write about prAna pratishta.  Whenever we do any puja (Sarasvati, Lakshmi, Ganapati etc) we first do prAna pratishta.

The prAna pratishta mimmicks the Universal evolution process of establishing five potentials, and potential to kinetic energy (and vice-versa) conversion.

The process of prAna prathisthA converts an idol into a 'mUrthi'.

The Universal evolution process

The evolution process in Universe follows few steps

1. Fluctuations that lead to symmetry breaking

2. Symmetry breaking leading to building up of next level of matter complexity. For eg. force-fields to particles, particles to atoms and compounds, compounds to life and life to living beings made items

3. Establishment of Creation, sustenance and Destruction processes. This Creation, Sustenance and Destruction processes are established by interaction of matter forms and energy forms.

       A.  Three types of instruments get established towards evolution (antaH karana). They are Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy and Entropy (Information/Intelligence).

      B. On top of these three internal forms, five thermodynamic potentials are established for matter evolution. Five organ systems/biological functions are established for evolution of living beings. These five are the pancha-prAna.

       C. Ten external energy forms  (Light, Sound, Heat etc) get established.

       D. These ten external energy forms interacting with five thermodynamic potentials of matter and five biological functions of life establish the process of Creation, Sustenance and Destruction.

In the prAna prathistA mantra, the above are invoked in the following way

Standard Model
prAna prathishthA mantra
Fluctuations leading to Symmetry breaking
Brahma (spacetime), Vishnu (Mass, Higgs field), Mahesvara (Energy) are the RSi or symmetry breakers for thermodynamic potentials.
Symmetry breaking at each level leading to more complex matter forms including man-made objects
Rk (Primary particles), yajur (Atoms, compounds, complex molecules), sAma (Living beings), Atharvana (man made objects) are the Chandamsi (expressions) derived by Rsi (symmetry breaking)

The above two are invoked through RSyAdi nyAsa
Potential, Kinetic energy and Entropy
Aam, Hrim, krom - AntaH Karana

These are invoked through kara nyAsa, hrdyadi nyAsa.
Five thermodynamic potentials and Five biological functions
prAna sakthi devi or pancha prAna devi

Invoked through dhyAna mantra
Ten external energy forms that interact with above matter forms
yum, rum, lam, Vam, zam, Sam, sam,Hum, Lam, kSam

Invoked through prAna prathistha mantra
The interaction of energy forms and thermodynamic potentials and biological functions leads to Creation, sustenance and destruction
sRshti, sthithi, samhAra kArini

-Three leading functions of pancha prAna devi - ‘tri-nayana lasita’ - Three eyed devi
Gravitational waves
haMsa is the ‘swan’ on which Brahma moves. Brahma is expanded spacetime. The vibrations of this expanded spacetime are called gravitational waves. haMsa are the gravitational waves.

We recite haMsa sah aham - fluctuations  those in me,  Sah aham haMsa - (become) the fluctuations in it (in the mUrthi).

With prAna prathistha mantra, the mUrthi is supposed to have the three leading functions of Creation, Sustenance and Destruction.

Significance of pancha prAna

pancha prAna are those five energies that guide the matter evolution or biological evolution.  In matter evolution, the five energies are the five thermodynamic potentials. In biological evolution, these are the five organ systems.

Atmanas (extremely virtual) and Manas (virtual) are the charioteers of the pancha-prAna vehicle in both matter and biological evolution. Since they are virtual, we can't understand them. But we can infer and understand the pancha-prAna vehicle. When there is pancha-prAna, we know Atmanas or manas is there in it.

So when we have an idol or picture to which we perform a puja, the first thing we do is to install this pancha-prAna. It means that At-manas , the extremely virtual, starts residing in it.


The four dimenstional spacetime is Hiranyagarbha. Spacetime is the golden Uterus in which this Universe evolves. When it expands, it is called 'Brah-ma', the expanded one.  On this expanded spacetime, force-fields or Rudras manifest.

On this Brahma,  the expanded spacetime, Rudras or force-fields manifest.  These force-fields give rise to different types of particles.

Thus Brahma, the expanded spacetime HOSTS the Creation process, like an Uterus drives the evolution of fetus. That's why the name Hiranya-garbha.

The pancha-prAna, the five thermodynamic potentials or five biological functions that drive matter or biological evolution are hosted by Brahma, the expanded spacetime.

In an idol or picture, when we want to (symbolically) install the pancha-prAna, we become the Brahma, the host.

Like Brahma (Expanded spacetime) who hosts the Rudras (force-fields), bends for Shiva (Energy) and Vishnu (Higgs field, mass) , thus giving life to Universe, we invoke the Rudras in the idol, we submit to Shiva (Energy)  and Vishnu (Mass) and invoke the pancha-prAna in the idol to make that idol a 'mUrthi'.

Thus we become the Brahma or the host of creation for pancha-prAna

This process of giving pancha-prAna to idol making it a 'mUrthi', mimmicking the Universal evolution process is prAna pratiShtha.

How do pancha-prAna potentials get invoked..?

The Zero-point energy and the four thermodynamic energy potentials are formed in matter due to fluctuations in Energy, Pressure, Volume, Temperature and Entropy. When these fluctuations cross a threshold, the symmetry in the matter is broken and a newer potential is formed.   This is called Symmetry breaking. This symmetry breaking is called RSi in Vedas.

Going one level down below, at the very basic, all these five potentials can be viewed as fluctuations.of Spacetime (Brahma), Energy (Shiva), and Mass (Vishnu).  These fluctuations in Spacetime, Energy and Mass crossing a threshold and form different types of potentials which we call as pancha-prAna.

Symmetry breaking and newer expressions due to symmetry breaking are what is called as 'RSi' and 'Chanda' respectively in Vedic hymns.

To invoke/create any devata (force-field or potential), there is a symmetry breaking that needs to occur. This symmetry breaking is RSi. This is the reason we call sages who break the symmetry in society, leads to new thoughts and methods as RSi. They are symmetry breakers.

The newer form of expression that gets created as a result of symmetry breaking is the 'Chanda'. The new force or potential that arises is the Devata.

Beejam, Shakti, kilakam

When different energy potentials arise due to fluctuations, these potentials become the 'seed' of evolution. The potential energies are the Beejam.

The potential energy becomes Kinetic energy in the process of transformation of energy. Potential energy becoming Kinetic energy and Kinetic energy becoming potential energy is what drives the process of evolution in matter and biological beings. This kinetic energy is Momentum or Shakti.

What connects the kinetic energy and potential energy.? That is called kilakam. Kilakam is the lynch-pin that connects these energy transformations.

In kilaka mantra present in Devi mahAtmyam, kilakam is Sarasavati devata.

Saras-vati is flow of information or entropy in matter domain or flow of thoughts in biological domain. This flow of information or thoughts is what we call as consciousness. Hence kilakam is often translated as consciousness.

Entropy is the amount of information in a system, which continuously increases. This entropy or information is the lynch-pin across systems with potential and kinetic energy, as it connects both of them.

Potential is beejam, Kinetic is Shakti and Entropy is the kilakam.

pancha prAna as a Devi

Diva is dawn. It is the dawn of the Universe, which can be equated to Big Bang in modern theories. Those particles and forces that manifest after the dawn (big bang) are called the 'Devas'.

Devi is the 'consort' of Deva. A 'Consort' is the 'inherent quality' of the 'Deva'. It is the property (Characteristics) of Deva.

pancha-prAna is visualized as a 'Devi'. It is the 'characteristic' or 'inherent quality' or 'property' of all matter and biological beings that evolve out of matter. Hence it is a 'Devi'.

The prAna prathistha mantra

The prAna prathistha mantra has four parts.

1. RsyAdi nyAsa
2. Kara nyAsa
3. HrdayAdi nyAsa
4. dhyAna mantra
5. prAna prathista mantra

nyAsa means depositing or delivering.  For the idol or picture we become the Brahma, the host, who invokes the prAna shakti and deposit/deliver that prAna shakti to the idol. That is the concept here.

  • First we deposit the symmetry breakers (Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesvara) to the idols
  • Then we invoke the potential energy, kinetic energy, entropy by Hand
  • Then we invoke the potential energy, kinetic energy, entropy by our Heart
  • Then we meditate on the pancha-prAna, the five potentials and five organ systems
  • Then we invoke the 10 potential and kinetic energies and transfer it all to the idol making it the mUrthi
  • Then we recite certain mantras wishing for mUrthi to come to life.
  • Then we pray to the mUrthi to bestow us with goodness

RSyAdi nyAsa

In RSyAdi nyAsa we invoke the RSi and Chanda and deposit/deliver them to the idol. RSi are symmetry breakers

The Rishi, Chanda and Devata

asya Sri Prana Pratishtha Mantrasya 
Bramha-Vishnu-Maheshwara RSaya
rjyajussama atharvani chandAmsi
sakala jagat sRSti sthiti samhAra kArini prAna sakti parA devatA

A devata is a form of matter, energy or force-field. For eg. pancha prAna, the five thermodynamic potentials established in matter forms is a 'devata'.

A devata can be a 'deva' or 'devi'. If it is gross (sthula) it is masculine. If it is subtle property or characteristic (suksma) it is feminine.

pancha-prAna is a characterestic (Suksma) of matter systems. Hence it is visualized as a 'devi'.

Any devata (deva or devi) including the pancha-prAna devi is established in three steps. They are

1. Originated by a Rishi (Symmetry Breaking)
2. Having a specific form or expression (Chanda)
3. The devata with a purpose (Devata)

1. Symmetry breaking - RSi

    In science 'Symmetry breaking' occurs when small fluctuations acting on a system break the symmetry of the system, bringing it to a more dis-orderly state. A dis-orderly state is a newer form of expression with more information, more knowledge and it leads to further evolution of matter and beings.

   For eg. fluctuations in Spacetime fabric, Energy and Mass of matter establish the potentials of Zero-point energy, Internal Energy, Unavailable Energy, Available Energy and Work done energy.

  Thus Brahma (Spacetime), Vishnu (Mass) and Mahesvara (Energy) become the Rsi (symmetry breakers) for the pancha-prAna and establish this devi in all matter and beings.

2. Acquiring a new form or expression of matter - Chandamsi

    When symmetry breaks in a system, it leads to a newer form of expression. The form of expression is called Chanda.  There are various forms of expressions possible and hence various Chandas.

    When these expressions get together they form several levels of complex forms. These levels of complex forms are called Chandamsi.

  1.     Forces and Particles that make up the Universe at Quantum level are Rk. Hence Rk Veda talks about Quantum level matter and force-fields.
  2.     Elements, Compounds that make up the Universal matter at Classical level are Yajus. Hence Yajur Veda talks about Classical matter and forces.
  3.     Organic compounds that sustain signaling and biological life are Sama. SAma is the song of life. Hence sAma veda talks about biological beings. But much of sAma is lost.
  4.     Materials that human beings create are Atharvana. Hence Atharvana Veda talks about those that human beings created.

   Fluctuations in Energy (Mahesvara), Mass (Vishnu) and Gravity (Brahma) establish the five potentials in all domains of Quantum, Classical, Biological and Man made matter.

 Thus pancha-prAna devi is present in all levels of chandAmsi from Quantum (Rk), Classical (Yajus), Biological (sAma) and man-made (Atharvana).

3. The pancha-prAna  devi is established as the foremost devata with the purpose of Creation, Maintenacne and Destruction.

Aam Bijam
Hrim Sakthi
Krom kilakam

The sound 'Aam' represents the Potential energy or stored energy. It is the energy that holds and not in movement. This energy can be supplied or get converted to kinetic energy.

The sound 'Hrim' represents 'Kinetc energy' or energy in the movement.  It is the momentum.

The sound 'Krom' represents the pin that connects both Potential and Kinetic energy, which is Entropy (information). It is entropy or information or its processing that connects potential energy and kinetic energy.

kara nyAsa

Our palm, fingers and their lengths represent some of the pre-natal developments in our body. An example is digit ratio. In doing various tasks such as writing, throwing etc,  the hands use Kinetic energy, Potential energy and entropy (intelligence).

We invoke or deposit (nyAsa) this potential energy, Kinetic energy and entropy in the idol through kara nyAsa. The way we do it is to bring up this Potential, Kinetic and Entropy relationship that exists in our palms and fingers.

Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy and Entropy in Hands

In tasks such as writing, there are two sides in our hand, viz, Radial side and Ulnar side. Radial side  involving thumb, index finger and middle finger provides precision in tasks such as writing.. Ulnar side involving ring finger, little finger and palm provides power.

In both these tasks grip, flexibility and intelligence are involved. Grip is the equivalent of potential energy. Flexibility is the equivalent of momentum. Intelligence is equivalent of entropy.

In the precision side of our hand, thumb provides grip. It represents the potential energy. Index finger provides the flexibility/momentum. It represents the kinetic energy. Middle finger represents the directionality of strokes or intelligence, as it is the longest one. It represents the entropy.

In the power side of our hand, ring finger provides grip. It represents the potential energy.  Little finger provides movement/ momentum. It represents the kinetic energy. The palm represents the directionality or intelligence, as it is the broadest one. It represents the entropy.

Hands represent pre-natal development

For eg. the digit ratio, the ratio of Index finger to Ring Finger represents the exposure of testosterone levels in the pre-natal period. Thus the digit ratio represents several things like Autism, Masculinity, mathematical, spatial abilities etc.

A lower digit ratio, which means Ring finger is much longer than the Index finger. This indicates higher levels of testosterone exposure in the end of first trimester of pregnancy. That's why males have a lower digit ratio compared to females.

But when the digit ratio becomes much lower than average of males, such an excess testosterone exposure is correlated with Autism and ADHD. When the digit ratio is average or slightly lower digit ratio than average, such people excel in mathematics, sports etc.

People with average or slightly lower digit ratio, with slightly excess testosterone levels also make good 'lovers'. This could be the reason why Ring finger is often associated with 'Love'. They myth of Vena amoris might have started from this mis-understanding.

In females, women with lower digit ratio tend to have more masculinity, due to higher levels of testosterone exposure.

Aam angushtabhyam Namah
Hrim Tarjanibhyam namah
Krom madhyamApyam namah

Aam anamikabhyam namah
Hrim kanishtikabhyam namah
Krom karatala karaprShthabhyam namah

Thumb is Potential, Index finger is Kinetic/Momentum, Middle finger is the Entropy/Intelligence.
Ring finger is potential, Little finger is Kinetic/Momentum, Palm is Entropy/Intelligence/Consciousness.

HrdyAdi nyAsa

Aam Hrdayaya namah
Hrim Sirase Swaha
Krom ShikhAyai vaSaT

The Heart (hrdaya) represents the potential energy. It supplies energy to brain where all activities take place. Salutations to the Heart.

Brain (ziras) represents the momentum or kinetic where activities take place. Let Brain consume all the activities or be filled with momentum.

Cerebral Cortex (zikha) represents the entropy (information processing) as all information processing happens there. Let all parts of the body become subjected (vaSaT) to Cerebral cortex.

Shield, three leading functions, Arrows/Missiles

Aam kavasaya hum
Hrim netra tryaya vauSat
Krom astrAya phatt

In man-made objects/weapons, Shields that protect people in army represent the potential energy.  The three leading functions are Soldiers on foot, animals and vehicles that represent the kinetic energy. The missiles (arrows) represent the 'intelligence' or information, as their launch indicate that information.

Bhur Bhuvas Svar Aum
Iti digbandha

Thus (iti) binds all directions (dik bandha) of Bhu, Bhuva, Svar of the Universe

pancha-prAna dhyAna mantra

A dhyAna mantra describes the divinity that we want to invoke in us. pancha-prAna dhyAna mantra describes the pancha-prAna devi.

Raktambodhistha Potollasadrunasarojadhiruda Karabjai:| 
Pasham Kodanda mikshudbhava Gunam apya amkushum PanchabaNan| 
BibhraNashrk kapaala trinayanalasita pIna Vak shoruhaDhya | 
Devi BalakarvarNa Bhavatu Sukhakari Prana Shakti Para Na:|

Situated (Sta) in the awakening (bodhi) of the plasmic blood (raktAm) - Circulatory system
Becomes visible (ullas) in rectum (poTa) - Excretory system
Seated (sad) in digestive fire (aruNa) - Digestive system
Born (ja) in the fluid (saras) - Respiratory system
Ascending (adhiruda) on the elephant trunk-born/Brain (karabjai) - Central Nervous system

Situated in Circulatory system, becomes visible in the excretory system,  Seated in the digestive fire, born in the respiratory system, ascending on top of the central nervous system

pAsam - pAsam means the binding one. Internal energy is one that binds and makes a system in the thermodynamic potentials
kodanda  is bow. Bow represents the Work done Energy, which is pressure * volume. Bow works by applying pressure, expanding volume, which is the work done to release the arrow.

mikS udbhava gunam - Generating/Sprouting from a mixture - This is the Gibbs free energy that sprouts from mixture of chemical reactions.

apya  agkushum - The agKusha (controller) of photonic fluid (apya). Apa are photons or bosons. Apya are photonic /bosonic fluid. The controller of Bosonic matter is zero-point energy.

bibhraNa asrk  kapAlam - Holder of bloody skull -  Skull or Skeleton is the energy that cannot be used. It is the unavailable energy.

Having the Internal energy, Handling the Work done energy, Characteristics of Gibbs free energy,  Controlling energy of Bosonic matter (Zero point energy) and Carrying the unavailable energy as the five arrows/missiles

Playing three leading functions of Creation, Sustenance, Destruction (tri-nayana lasita)

Richly endowed with round breasts/nourishing mounts (pIna vaksa ruha Adhya)

The devi glowing as a young light before the sun (Devi Bala arka varna), Pleasant doer (sukha kari), the prAna sakthi the best in us (prAna sakthi parA nah)

pancha-prAna devi is young light before the sun. She is the seed of the fire rather than the fire itself. She is the pleasant doer. That prAna sakthi is the best of all things we possess. She has the five energy potentials as her weapons. She exists in five biological functions. She does Creation, Sustenance and Destruction. She nourishes all matter and beings.

prAna prathistha mantra

Aam Hrim Krom| am yam rum lum wam Zam Sham Sam Ham Lum Ksham Aah:  
Hamsa: Soham: Soham Hamsah

There are 10 external energy forms yam, rum, lum, Zam, Sham, Sam, Ham, Lum, Ksam.

Hamsa is the fluctuations of spacetime, the gravitational waves. Hamsa is said to be the swan of Brahma (expanded spacetime) on which Brahma moves slowly.

These gravitational waves are in me. Those gravitational waves are in that murthu. They move from me to the mUrthi, as I am the host invoking the pancha-prAna the same way Brahma does it.

asyam murthau jIvasthistathu
asyam murthau sarva indriyani vAg manas tvac cakSu Zrotra grhAna vac paNi pAda pAyu upasthAni iha agatya 
svasti sukham ziram thistanthu svAha

Let life come into my mUrthi
Let all indriyas including 5 organs of entropy, 5 organs of karma, Manas come here auspiciously.
Let the pleasant consciousness existing here consume it

What was an idol now has become mUrthi with life. An idol is just made of a material. A mUrthi is supposed to have 'life'  due to prAna prathistha. To this mUrthi we offer flowers and water.

(saying it we offer flowers and water to the mUrthi).

asunite punar asma asu cakSu punah prAnam iha no dhehi bhogam
jyok pasya ima sUrya mucarantam anumate mRLaya nah svasti

Return us our prAna, oh prudent one, return our sight (joint entropy), our prAna our body of enjoyment; Long may we see the Sun's beginning and end, allowing auspiciousness and favors to us.

The above is from Rk veda Mandala 10 Hymn 59 Verse 6. We recite it asking for our prAna to be returned us with favors for body of enjoyment from the mUrthi.

Return us (punah asma) Internal energy (asu - is a type of prAna), return (punah) our sight/joint entropy (cakSu), prAna (prAnam), our body of enjoyment (dehi bhogam). Long may we see (jyok pasya ima) the Sun's rising end (sUrya mucar antam), allowing us (anumate), favors (mRLaya) to our well being (nah svasti).

Avahito bhavah
sthApitho bhavah
san nihito bhavah
san nirudho bhavah
avakuntitho bhavah
suprito bhavah
suprasanno bhavah
sumukho bhavah
varadho bhavah
prasiddha prasiddha

Let (the pancha prAna) be Invoked.
Let (the pancha prAna) be established.
Let (the pancha prAna) be fixed.
Let (the pancha prAna) fill up
Let (the pancha prAna) surround/cover
Let (the pancha prAna) become dear
Let (the pancha prAna) be well expressed
Let (the pancha prAna) be giving cheer
Let (the pancha prAna) be giving boons

Let (the pancha prAna) be accomplished; accomplished.


Tuesday, November 21, 2017

Aditya Hrdayam Again - Part 53 - saMkhya design pattern summary


Before I start with the slokas of Samkhya kArika, let me describe the overall design pattern propounded by saMkhya in my translations here.

saMkhya - Design pattern summary across matter and biological beings

Energy-Momentum relationship which describes a hyperboloid.

Particles which reside on-shell on Linga/EM relationship are real particles


Only real particles evolve.
Catenation that forms hyperboloid structures (Covalent bonds) in atoms.

Atoms that can form long and strong bonds (Covalent) can only sustain signaling, information processing which is consciousness.

Those life-giving molecules. evolve.
Increase in entropy, laghu (more microscopic states, more disorder), prakAsam (radiating, detachment)
Increase in signaling, information processing capability, consciousness, increase in buddhi, increase in detachment/growth (nivrtti)
Change in Enthalpy; Potential and Kinetic energy
Work done (karma), excitation (priti), non-excitation (apriti)
Decrease in entropy, Guru (more order), varanakam (not giving away, darkness)
Decrease in signaling, information processing capability, decrease in consciousness, Ignorance (mUDha), attachment (pravrtti), more order
Dark Matter not perceivable to matter
Catalysts which drive evolution in compounds without being part of the interactions.
Higgs interaction which impedes the motion of particles, gives them mass, allows them to interact with each other and evolve complex matter forms.
Element Carbon, which like Higgs field enabling matter particles to interact an form complex matter forms, allows chemical compounds to form stable long complex chains which result in organic compounds that are needed for life.
Primitive in-organic compounds in which signaling or information processing or consciousness does not exist
Prakrti having darshana of Purusha
Electro-weak symmetry breaking that results in Higgs field becoming perceptible to Quarks, which acquire mass.  Quarks get confined to hadrons, triggering further evolution of matter.
Fusion processes such as Triple-alpha process that produces carbon, thereby making long chains of organic molecules based on carbon a reality.
Matter in which entropy acquires preponderance. For eg. Hadrons (protons, mesons etc that may or may not sustain on their own)
Biological beings (Cells) in which signaling or information processing takes place, which is consciousness/signaling/information processing that may sustain or may not sustain.(For eg all cells including Viruses, parasites)
Matter forms that can sustain independently on their own that arises due to change in enthalpy. For eg. protons, electrons, nucleus, elements, compounds etc
Due to work done on these cells, Information processing (consciousness) ability
that can sustain on their own. For eg. All beings without viruses and parasites
5 Types of Entropy in matter Joint entropy, Conditional Entropy, Mutual information, Relative Entropy and Chain rules
5 Organs of Buddhi, the information processing ability or signaling that rises in chemical compounds
caksu- eye - hadrons symbolize Joint entropy
zrtoram - ears - nucleons symbolize conditional entropy
tvac- skin - compounds symbolize chain rules
rasana - tongue - molecules symbolize mutual information
ghrAna -nose - atoms symbolize relative entropy
5 Types of Work done in matter due to change in enthalpy. Work done due to nuclear binding energy caused by strong force, work done due to atomic/molecular binding energy caused by EM force, work done due to temperature caused by Kinetic energy, work done due to change in pressure and volume and work done due to spacetime curvature (gravitational).
5 Organs of Karma, the work done. upastha- middle-part/creative organ - Change in binding energy due to strong force
pANi - hands - Change in atomic/molecular binding energy due to EM force.
pAyu - excretory organ through which fluids flow - Spatial expansion due to change in Pressure and volume due to Chemical reactions in atoms and molecules
pAda - foot - Physical movement due to spacetime warping/gravitation of objects.
vac - Expression - Change in average kinetic energy or temperature of atoms and molecules.
At-manas - Extremely virtual
Manas- Virtual
Ensemble of particles with five thermodynamic energies
Ananda - Groundstate- zeropoint energy
Vacana - Internal energy U
Viharana - Expanding Energy = Pressure * Volume
adAna - Unavailable Energy = Temperature * Entropy
Utsarga = Gibbs energy
Ensemble of cells with five organ systems
prAna is the Respiratory system equivalent to  internal energy.
apAna is the excretory system equivalent to unavailable energy.
vyAna is the circulatory system equivalent to work done energy
samAna is the digestive system equivalent to available energy.
udAna is the nervous sytem equivalent to zero point energy.
Five measures/functions of the vrtti that leads to the pancha-bhutas out.
Pressure, Volume, Entropy, Temperature, Change in Internal energy
Five measures/functions of the organ system that leads to the processing of panchabhuta
Catabolism, Anabolism, Level of consciousness (information processing), Homeo-stasis and growth of biological cells
Five states of matter. Solid(Bhumi) , Liquid (Jal), Gas (vAyu), Plasma (Agni), Bosonic matter (Akash)
Processing of Five states of matter

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